Tuesday, 20 September 2011

Deforestation....




1 - Imagine you are part of a big orchard with lot of trees around. How do you feel being cut?

Being with lots of friends around will always makes me happy. Having said that, of course I would be very sad and dissappointed to see my community including me being cut for whatever purpose it is. Besides that, I would be angry for the injustice that occurs to us in the name of development cannot be tolerated. People are always thinking of themselves to gain lots of money and other benefits without having a thought on what will happen to the entire biodiversity of this lovely planet earth.


2 - What will happen to all the animals which were taking shelter on you?

Deforestation is a calamity towards all the flora and fauna. In our hot and humid climate, there are many animals and species of plants living and survive in the forest. If the trees being cut, all of this especially the animals will face extinction as there are no food resources anymore. If the trees are still there, animals are taking shelter on it and finding food in its vast varieties of plants. Without it they have no place to hide, play around, and even a sources of food.



3 - What would be the surroundings like after you are cut?

The surrounding would be very dry as in the words of Malay idioms, "padang jarak padang tekukur." The forest are no longer has the capacity to support its biodiversity and be the natural place of water reservoir. This may lead to other serious problems such as soil erosion and climate change.


4 - What chenge will take place in the environment after you are cut?

The environment will be affected by the global warming. Carbon dioxide emission will increase and this contribute to the greenhouse effect. Eventhought it is so, people will start to develop the place, filled it with many projects such us to build business area and housing area. But, the air will be polluted and not as fresh as before.


5 - Message you would like to give to people who are cutting down trees.

For this type of people, the always thinking of themselves and not of others. They have to bear in mind that this mother nature is created for many living things to stay in it. The different in needs of all this living things must be taken care of. We have to appreciate and care for them whole heartedly because this world will be inherited by our children after we died.


Tuesday, 13 September 2011

Ella Enchanted - Movie Trailer

movie review



Ella the enchanted

The story started when Ella was born and her mother invited all the fairies to their house to bless her with all the gift, however her mother did not invited one fairy which always screw-up by giving unpleasant gift. The nightmare became real when she found Ella and gave her gift of obedient. 

The gift had changed her life a lot, she became uncontrollable every action made by her was forced by other people command. She will do whatever people ask her to do.  Her evil step sisters making her life more difficult.



 Everything started to change when she met her prince charming.
Prince Charmont will be crowned as king without knowing that his uncle had killed his father for the throne and will do the same to him on the coronation day. Together Prince Charmont and Ella had stopped the chaotic issues within their life, he was crowned as king and Ella was free from the curse and live happily ever after.

malaysian festival and celebration..






New Year's Day
National Public Holiday, New Year's Eve is usually celebrated by the
 urban community throughout Malaysia with lively parties to usher
in the New Year. Sporting events, competitions, exhibitions 
and cultural performances by Malaysian multi-ethnic groups are held in various states.

Hari Raya Aidil Fitri
Hari Raya Puasa (or Hari Raya Aidil Fitri) falls on the first day 
of the Muslim month of Syawal and is a joyous occasions fo
r all Muslims. It marks the successful observance of fasting throughout
 the month of Ramadhan - the tenth month of the Muslim calendar.
 The celebration is determined by sighting of the new moon.
 After morning prayers at the mosque followed by visits to
 the graves of family members to pay respects.
 Open house or invitation for relatives and friends
 to come to their house is practiced.Plenty of
 traditional Malay delicacies are served during this festive season.


All mosques, homes, government and commercial 
buildings are decorated and brightly lit to mark the significant day.
 The celebrations last a month and although the 
first three days are celebrated on a grander scale, 
many Muslims have 'open houses' throughout the month to accommodate friends.

HARI RAYA AIDIL ADHA
HARI RAYA AIDIL ADHA( or HARI RAYA QURBAN )
 is famous in MALAYSIA especially at KELANTAN...
Do you know it? ‘Eidul Adha is from arabic word.
The meaning of this word is striving or struggling in 
doing Ibadah.....As a muslim,I would like to share
 with you some informations in our religion especially
 about HARI RAYA AIDIL ADHA...Do you want
 to know,Insya ALLAH I’ll tell you..
Through my reasearh, I have learnt many informations.
.For instance,in my village,the celebration of Hari Raya 
Qurban is so great! The environment at Kelantan is
 very different during the celebration. That’s why
 I could not  forget the celebration of the year in Kelantan.


Thaipusam
Celebrated throughout Malaysia by Hindus on the
 tenth month of the Hindu calendar.
 Thaipusam is a day for penance and 
atonement among the Hindu community. Thaipusam
 an extraordinary festival, is a time for Hindu 
devotees to fulfil a vow they have made to the
 Lord Muruga, also known as Lord Subramaniam. 
The displays of devotion are varied, but the most 
devout prepare themselves for weeks, purifying
 themselves by fasting and celibacy. In a state 
of religious ecstasy thousands of devotees
 carrying body piercing kavadis -
 a frame decorated with colored papers
, tinsels, fresh flowers, and fruits as a form of penance
, makes this a once in lifetime experience. They move
 through the town up the hill to the 
Batu Caves with the kadavis tearing at their flesh, 
 but without appearing to feel any pain.
 Kuala Lumpur is probably the best place to
 enjoy this colourful and fascinating festival as
this is where Lord Muruga's jeweled chariot is 
led through the streets of the city, culminating at the Batu Caves in Selangor.

Chinese New Year
Celebrated over a periods of 15 days,
 beginning from the first day of the Chinese Lunar Calendar,
 this is the most important annual festival for the
 Chinese community. Legend has it, Buddha invited 
all animals to his kingdom but only 12 attended. 
With that, Buddha dedicated a year to each animal.
 Each year is named after one of the 12 animals
 according to the Chinese Zodiac. 
Chinese New Year is celebrated with abundance of delicacies , 
family gatherings, & the lighting of fire crackers at midnight. 
 Ang Pows or red packets of money are given to the
 young and unmarried while the symbol of prosperity
, the mandarin orange, is liberally consumed.
 It is the time when offerings are made to
 appease the spirits and gods. Houses are cleaned and 
decorated to prepare for the big day. 
New clothes are bought and worn. 
 The colour red is vividly displayed in many 
homes for 'prosperity' and 'luck'. 
The traditional dragon and lion dances herald in 
the new year, amidst banging gongs and drums.
 Penang is the place to celebrate the Chinese New Year. 


Wesak Day
Celebrated around May by Buddhists which marks 
three momentous events in Buddha's life - his birthday,
 enlightenment, and achievement of Nirvana.
 As the most important figure in Buddhism his life is celebrated and revered.
 The celebration begins at dawn when devotees
 gathering at the temples to meditate on the
 Eight Precepts. The 'Bathing the Buddha'ceremony
 is often part of Wesak celebrations. 
Water is poured over the shoulders of the Buddha and 
 serves as a reminder to purify the mind from evil.
 Donations, giving food to the needy, offerings of incense,
 joss sticks releasing of pigeons, ordination of
 monks and the offering of flowers normally
 takes place in temples. Chanting and praying are an
 important part of the Wesak celebration. 
  At night, processions of floats parade the streets,
 with devotees carrying candles.

Tadau Kaamatan (Harvest Festivals)
The indigenous tribes of the Kadazan, Dusun and Murut
 of Sabah celebrate their harvest festival in May. 
 Grateful thanks are offered to the spirit of 
the paddy, called Bambaazon / Bambarayon, 
by the Kadazan Dusun. A dance is performed by
 a high priestess, or Boohizan, to search for the
 Bambarayon.  Once found, a good harvest 
can be expected Agricultural shows, exhibitions, 
 cultural programs, buffalo races, and other traditional 
games are held. There is much merrymaking 
and feasting with Tapai (rice wine) flowing freely 
throughout the festivities. A Unduk Ngadau 
( Harvest Festival Queen ) pageant is held to
seek the fairest maiden, honouring a sacrifice 
made by a maiden in legendary times.

Gawai Dayak
Gawai Dayak, a festive celebrated in Sarawak on
 1st June every year is both a religious and social 
 occasion. It is a thanksgiving day marking 
good harvest and a time to plan for the new
 farming season or activities ahead for the Dayaks, 
which generally refers to the Iban, Bidayuh and the 
Orang Ulu communities in Sarawak.  
Their homes are cleaned and the graves
 of ancestors are tended to. Gawai is an occasion
 for parties, fun and games, processions and open housesï The
 Ibans working outside their village returned
 to the village for the celebration
.Celebrations begin with a reunion dinner for the entire family. 
 Here, the youngest member of the family 
will offer the parents a plate of specially prepared food. 
There is singing, dancing and considerable
 drinking of tuak or rice wine in the local longhouses. 
Livestock is also sacrificed to ensure a good harvest the following season.






Hungry Ghost Festival
Celebrated on the 15`th day of the seventh lunar month 
by Buddhists and Taoist, it is
 believed according to Chinese tradition
 that the gates of hell are opened to free the hungry
 ghosts who then wander to seek food on Earth. 
Some even think that the ghosts would seek revenge 
on those who had wronged them in their lives. 
The reason why the Chinese celebrate this festival is
 to remember their dead family members and pay tribute
 to them. They also feel that offering food to the
 deceased appeases them and wards off bad luck. 
Sacrificial offerings are made by burning fake
 money notes, which are also known as hell money
 and even paper television or radio sets.
 Some families also burn paper houses & cars
 to give to their dead relatives. The Chinese feel that these
 offerings reach the ghosts and help them live 
comfortably in their world. Religious ceremonies are also held at temples

 Lantern & Mooncake Festival
Although its origins were founded in times of war 
in China where it celebrates the overthrow 
of the Mongols during the end of the
 Yuan Dynasty (120G- 1341 AD) in China. , 
the lantern and 'Mooncake Festival' or 'Tang Lung' 
has come more to symbolise a quiet celebration of peace
 and shared prosperity.  Legend has indicated 
that the secret about a plot against the Mongolians
 was hidden inside the mooncake and the
 mooncake was distributed widely. Lanterns 
were used at night as signals from higher grounds 
and hilltop.Today Malaysians of all walks of life
 celebrates this festival with colorful lantern
 hanging on the house & enjoying the highly 
delectable variety of mooncakes available. 
These cakes are rich, round pastries filled with a mixture
 of sweet red bean paste, lotus nut paste, or salted egg yolk.
 Mooncakes are available throughout the country for about a
 month while lantern processions and competition are 
held around in some neighbourhoods.

Deepavali
Commonly known to Hindus as the Festival of Lights, 
Deepavali is celebrated during the
 7th month of the Hindu calendar. Deepavali 
celebrates the triumph of good over evil,
 when Lord Krishna defeated Narkansura
 Oil baths are taken in the morning, before
 donning new clothes and paying a visit to the temple.  
Homes are lit with oil lamps, called vikku, signifying victory over darkness. 
 This is believed to invite Lakshmi,
the goddess of wealth who will not enter an 
unlit house. As with all open houses in Malaysia,
 friends join in the celebrations by visiting the homes of 
Hindu friends and relatives to extend good wishes and to
 partake in the feasting and jollity.

Christmas
Witness the Portuguese Settlement transformed into a 
spectacle of brilliant lights with beautiful decorated Christmas
 Trees in every house and the sweet sounds of
 carolling in the air. Midnight services are held in churches,
 to celebrate to birth of Christ. Christians in Malaysia 
celebrates by decorating Christmas trees, 
attending church services and carolling. 
Open Houses' are also held on Christmas Day,
 during which guests are treated to food and drinks.
 Exchange of gifts are popular. Roast turkey is
 a common and traditional dish.



crayfish



General Information

Crayfish, also called crawfish or crawdad, are closely related to the lobster. More than half of the more than 500 species occur in North America, particularly Kentucky (Mammoth Cave) and Louisiana in the Mississippi basin. Crayfish also live in Europe, New Zealand, East Asia and throughout the world, including the Tristan da Cunha Islands. Nearly all live in freshwater, although a few survive in salt water. Crayfish are characterised by a joined head and thorax, or midsection, and a segmented body, which is sandy yellow, green, or dark brown in colour. The head has a sharp snout, and the eyes are on movable stalks. Crayfish are usually about 7.5 cm (3 inches) long.

Crayfish Appearance



The crayfish is typical of most shrimplike crustaceans and is characterised by a joined head and thorax, or midsection, and a segmented body, which is sandy yellow, green, white, pink or dark brown in colour.



Crayfish are usually about 7.5 cm (3 inches) long. Among the smallest is the 2.5-centimetre-long Cambarellus diminutus of the south-eastern United States. Among the largest is Astacopsis gouldi of Tasmania; its length may reach 40 cm and its weight about 3.5 kg (8 pounds).
The head has two pairs of sensory antennae and a pair of eyes on movable stalks. The appendages, or pereiopods, of the thorax include four pairs of walking legs which, as well as walking, are to probe cracks and crevices between rocks looking for food. Crayfish also own one pair of clawbearing chelipeds, which it extends in front of its body while moving. These strong pinchers are specialised for cutting, capturing food, attack, and defence. A pinch can hurt! The crayfish also has several pairs of specialised food handling "legs," bailers to cycle water over the gills, and five pairs of swimmerets which are under the abdomen. All of these "legs" can be regenerated if broken off.

Crayfish have a hard outside skeleton. This jointed exoskeleton provides protection and allows movement, but limits growth. As a result, the crayfish regularly gets too big for its skeleton, sheds it, and grows a new larger one. This is called molting. and occurs six to ten times during the first year of rapid growth, but less often during the second year. For a few days following each molt, crayfish have soft exoskeletons and are more vulnerable to predators.

crab



Crabs are strange creatures. We love to eat them, and at the same time there are parts of the world where they are worshipped. What are these enigmatic creatures of the sea actually? Here are some crab facts that will make you better-informed about them.

crabs fact



  • Crabs actually have ten appendages (legs). Therefore they are known as decapods (deca = ten, poda = leg). Out of these, the first pair of appendages are modified into claws, which are biologically known as chelae.
  • Crabs are crustaceans. Crustaceans are creatures that do not have an endoskeleton like most animals have, but they have an exoskeleton. The exoskeleton of the crab is like a shield on its body, known as a carapace.
  • Crabs are also arthropods. The Phylum Arthropoda includes animals that have segmented appendages, among other features. Even insects like the cockroach, butterfly, housefly, mosquito, spider, etc. belong to this phylum.
  • In crabs, the thorax and the abdomen are not separate as it is the case in most creatures of the world. The thorax and the abdomen are joined together in crabs, which is termed as cephalothorax. But there are crabs in which this fusion does not take place. For example, the species known as Raninoida.
  • Male and female crabs can be identified externally. You have to look at their abdomens. The male crabs have narrow abdomens, while the female crabs have broader abdomens.
  • The sizes of crabs can range from a small marble to that of several meters. The smallest known crab is the Pea Crab, named for its size; while the largest crab is the famous Japanese Spider Crab that has a walking leg span of as many as 3 to 4 m, and can go out to 8 m when outstretched.

frog

There are nearly 4,000 types of frogs, including toads, which are in the frog family, in almost every part of the world. The only place that there are no frogs and have never been any types of frogs is Antarctica because it is too cold all year long. There are about 80 types of frogs in the United States. Most of the different types of frogs can be found in the tropics because it a warm and wet environment.



The different types of frogs can be told apart in many different ways. The biggest difference is between frogs and toads in North America. Frogs are skinnier than toads and their skin is smooth and looks slimy. Toads have wider bodies and their skin is drier and rough and warty. In some tropical places the toads look very much like frogs, though, so you can’t always tell them apart this way. Frogs aren’t all green. Some types of frogs are yellow, brown, orange, red, black, or a combination of these colors. Some frogs even change colors. The patterns on each type of frog are different, too. Some frogs have no patterns at all and are just a solid color and others have very cool markings on them. 



The different frog types can sometimes be told apart by the calls that they make. No, they won’t call you on the phone if you give them your number, but they do call out for different reasons, and each type of frog has a different type of call. Only male frogs make calls, females do not. Some frogs have a croak that you are used to hearing about, but some types of frogs bark like a dog and some chirp like a bird. Some types of frogs whistle and some groan. There are lots of different sounds that frogs make when they call, but only a few reasons that they will call out.  Male frogs will call out to the female frogs to let them know that they are ready to mate and so the female frogs can find them. Frogs will call out to other frogs to let them know that the area they are sitting in belongs to them and to keep other frogs away.



 Frogs will also call out to warn away other animals, especially the ones that will eat them. Different types of frogs will have different skeletons and different teeth formations. These things help to give the frogs their different shapes and looks. Some frogs have different skeletons and teeth but look very similar on the outside so they are hard to tell apart, and unless you are a frogologist (which is actually called a herpetologist) you probably won’t get close enough to study the teeth or bones of a frog

Tuesday, 31 May 2011

summary about "the lucky number"

4th Assignment : Summary

And the lucky number is..

                Superstition has been something that commonly known among people around the world. Superstition normally interrelated with magic and supernatural things that happen for a reason. We can see from the text that people around the world have their own opinion about the secret that lies behind certain number, for example number 13. Different countries have different beliefs that might be good or bad, but for number 13 it was widely known as a bad luck number. Superstition sometimes shared the same meaning but with a different cover story that mostly came from history of their own culture. It shows that even in this new world of high technology, people still believe in things that have been told by their ancestors without taking it logically and it is believed that chain of superstition will never leave our modern civilization. 




Many people believe that Friday the thirteenth is the unluckiest day
in the year
                                                                               









supperstition in the world..

In this new era of globalization and futuristic, there are still few group of people that hold onto their ancestor belief on mystical value where each men were bound to it past and surrounding. This is called as superstition, where the fact held no reason or knowledge to whatever might happen to a person.



  The general definition for superstition is belief in things that are not real, such as bad luck and good fortune where it might end with abundant hope even though it is something that possible to happen.

Different kind of belief around the world with different view from each culture normally leads to an outcome where fears of being in the dark side will somehow interrupt our lifestyle routine such as getting into relationship or even how we dress up on that day.



On the other hand, for some reasons we could use this form of belief as an advice as long it make sense to do it. By understanding the pros and cons of believing these portions, we will be able to ensure that we will take the right path in everything we do.


Surah As-Saffat


While referring to Islam, as a muslim we are prohibited to believe in any form of superstition because in Islam there is no good or bad luck. As long we have tried our best, we will get rewarded the same way. The outcome of everything we do will be reflected from our own doing, and there is none of it possess the reborn or our past life as there is no such thing written in the Holy Furqon.